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Natural Park "Cabo de Gata"

Natural Park "Cabo de Gata"

The Natural Park Cabo de Gata-Níjar, is a territory that combines both important natural values, with a rich historical and cultural heritage. The singularities of this park derived on the one hand, in its maritime-terrestrial dimension, with the 50 kilometers of best preserved cliff coast of the Mediterranean coast; and on the other hand, its semi-arid character, being one of the few protected areas in Europe, with a sub-desert and steppe vocation. Highlights the enormous wealth, fragility and originality of its ecosystems. Its most valuable elements are its endemisms (exclusive species, which do not exist anywhere else on the planet), among which the “Dragoncillo del Cabo” (Antirrhinum charidemi), the “Gordolobo del Cabo” (Verbascum charidemi) and the “Aulaga Mora” (Ulex canescens) between the vegetables and, the “Camachuelo Trompetero” and the “Alondra de Dupont”, among the animals. The human intervention is evident in various places; lead and gold deposits, Roman salting factories, watchtowers and coastal fortresses for the defense of Berber pirates, and a popular architecture closely linked to the culture of water. For the enjoyment of this park, a series of equipment and services such as walking trails, environmental education equipment, information points or viewpoints has been made available to the visitor.

Diving in Carboneras

Diving in Carboneras

Sands background.
It shows different sands, the fine at greater depth, seated in a silty bottom with seagrasses, which are, more than seaweed, true flowering plants, with a rich fauna camouflaged among the sediments: bivalve molluscs such as coquinas, chirlas, etc ... Gastropods such as cañaílla, nica eggs and cephalopods, such as cuttlefish. Also hedgehogs and other famous echinoderms, such as the sand star; Varied crustaceans of the crab type and an endless number of fish such as mullet, blacksmith, thrush, etc. 
Rock bottom.
In it is located, at a shallow depth, the vegetation cover full of algae, sponges, madréporas, anemones, fake coral, annelids, mollusks, hedgehogs and stars, such as purple and goldfish such as the Múco or Reyezuelo fish, the Verrugallo, the Green Fish, the Mojarras and in greater depth, the Mero, the Morena and the Rascacio. All of them find large amounts of food between the algae and shelter in the cracks, in a delicate balance with which we all must collaborate.

Posidonia is a phanerogam with flowers, leaves, rhizomes and roots. It forms broad grasslands supporting primary production, oxygenation and even influences the movement of water. Initially they are seated in rocky bottom at 20 m. deep, it is populated by numerous species of echinoderms and cephalopods (common octopus), nacra (giant bivalve) and red stars. You can see the San Andres Island Natural Monument, and in its crystalline and wonderful waters, surrounded by the most beautiful landscapes.
* Organized activities: Guided dives in San Andres Island and Cabo de Gata-Nijar Natural Park. Dive baptisms. Diving courses from initiation level to DiveMaster Nitrox, first aids, boat routes or dive trips.

Carboneras is one of the most comfortable places for scuba diving. Numerous divers come to San Andres Island and Cabo de Gata. Carboneras offers quiet and wonderful spaces, such as Los Muertos beach, a virgin area that is preserved thanks to the fact that enjoying its water is a prize after a couple of kilometers of hill to go down to the beach. The richness of the area is such that even underwater allows you to enjoy breathtaking views. In addition, The Cabo de Gata Park, is a Biosphere Reserve, and it is one of the favourite areas of the divers thanks to the 12,000 maritime hectares with more than a thousand species of flora and fauna (wildlife), the warmth of the water, the almost constant presence of the Sun and multiple attractive locations to dive.
One of them hosts the engine of an English World War II bomber where brunettes and scratches take refuge; another, known as the San Andrés crater, allows you to lower its slopes to 20 meters enjoying its walls and several spectacular arches. The Cala del Plomo and the cove of San Pedro, which can only be reached by boat or hiking. The Playazo de Rodalquilar and the ruins of the mines that until 50 years ago were open to extract gold. In the Playazo we have a diving area, the Cerrico Romero, with a maximum depth of 16 meters. Following the path we reach an ideal area for beginners, “La Amatista”. La Isleta del Moro, where its viewpoint offers a very peculiar view of the coast. If we want to dive, La Isleta offers the Piedra de los Meros, where we can see large marine specimens. Los Escullos has many cliffs. We pass through San José, tourist and nautical center of the area, and you can take a boat that takes us to the area of Los Amarillos, 200 meters from the beach, to see the crossbow fish. Continuing towards the historic beach of the Genoveses and finally in the Gulf of Almeria, where you should not miss the views of its lighthouse. Diving has some limitations because it is a protected area, so you need permits, so it is more practical to do it through Diving Schools, which have all the necessary material and the most interesting places are known.

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